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Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics

Official Journal of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics

With the support of

under contract КП-06-НП/16 – 2019 

View or download the Journal in .PDF format.

Since 2016 the Journal is included in Web of Science and Emerging Sources Citation Index. 
It is accredited with 5 credits, category “D” by the Bulgarian Medical Association.

CONTENTS

Volume 16, 2020, Number 3

Contents 
EDITORIAL
● 15 YEARS Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics

ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● The Role of Gastrocnemius Muscle and its Contraction in Postural Tachycardia Syndrome: Clinical and Ultrasound Examination
M. Dimcheva, E. Titianova

● Analysis of the Key Measures in the Medical Institutions in Bulgaria for Combating Covid-19
A. Pramatarov, S. Trifonova
● SIXTH NATIONAL CONGRESS of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation


Volume 16, 2020, Number 2

Contents 
EDITORIAL
● Post-mortem Image Validation of Small Cerebrovascular Lesions with 7.0-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Jacques De Reuck
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Diagnostic and Therapeutic Ultrasound in Dermatology and Plastic Surgery
E. Titianova, V. Vassilev
● Local Carotid Stiffness in Cerebral Lacunar Infarctions
I. Velcheva, Ts. Kmetski, G. Tsonevska
● Optical Coherence Tomography in Bulgarian Multiple Sclerosis Patients
Z. Vladimirova, S. Cherninkova
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Ultrasound Diagnostics of Cardiogenic Dyspnea – New
T. Valova, I. Daskalov
● Neurological Manifestations in COVID-19
Ts. Koleva, Е. Titianova, G. Popov, V. Mutafchiyski
● WHO IS WHO
Prof. Jacques L. De Reuck
● Scientific Events
● Instructions for authors


Updated Consenus in Extracranial Carotid Pathology, 2020

Contents 
● Updated National Multidisciplinary Consensus for Ultrasound Diagnostics and Behavior in Extracranial Carotid Pathology
Panel of Neurosonology Experts
E. Titianova, I. Velcheva, S. Andonova, M. Staneva, L. Grozdinski, M. Klissurski, Z. Stoyneva, S. Karakaneva, Iv. Petrov
Panel of Multidisciplinary Experts
I. Milanov, I. Petrov, L. Traykov, K. Girov, V. Petrov, N. Gabrovski, V. Velchev, A. Postadjian, M. Lilov, S. Cherninkova, B. Stamenov, L. Haralanov, I. Tournev, R. Dimova, D. Lubenova




Volume 16, 2020, Number 1

Contents 
● Updated National Multidisciplinary Consensus for Ultrasound Diagnostics and Behaviorin Extracranial Carotid Pathology
Panel of Neurosonology Experts
E. Titianova, I. Velcheva, S. Andonova, M. Staneva, L. Grozdinski, M. Klissurski, Z. Stoyneva, S. Karakaneva, Iv. Petrov
Panel of Multidisciplinary Experts
I. Milanov, I. Petrov, L. Traykov, K. Girov, V. Petrov, N. Gabrovski, V. Velchev, A. Postadjian, M. Lilov, S. Cherninkova, B. Stamenov, L. Haralanov, I. Tournev, R. Dimova, D. Lubenova
INFORMATIONS
● Stroke Riskometer
S. Andonova, К. Dokova
● Fifth National Congressof the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation
● Exhibition Art Therapy
● XIV Congress of the Hungarian Stroke Society Neurosonology Conference of the Hungarian Society of Neurosonology
● Scientific Events
● Instructions for authors


Volume 15, 2019, Number 2

Contents 
ОRIGINAL PAPERS

15 YEARS JOURNAL
● Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Ultrasound Hand Tremorogram – Clinical and EMG Correlations
E. Titianova, R. Dimova, Ts. Koleva, S. Karakaneva, M. Petrishka
● Extracranial Color Duplex Sonography Findings in Patients with Cerebral Small Vessel Disease – a Cross Sectional Study
S. Stoisavljevic, D. Stefanovic, N. Stojanovski, A. Pavlovic, J. Zidverc-Trajkovic, M. Mijajlovic
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Is There a Role for Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound for Patients after Traumatic Brain Injury?
A. Razumovsky
● Short Overview of Recent Achievements and Future Directions in Some Areas of Application of Vascular Ultrasound (Based on Published Reviews and News from Scientific Sites and Blogs)
G. Baltgaile
● Triceps Surae Muscle in the Mechanism of Human Orthostatic Autoregulation: Diagnostic Possibilities of Ultrasonic Methods
M. Dimcheva, E. Titianova
FIFTH NATIONAL CONGRESS
● of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation
● Programme
● Abstracts
● Poster Sessions
● Instructions for authors


Volume 15, 2019, Number 1

Contents 
ОRIGINAL PAPERS

● Multimodal Longitudinal Ultrasound Study of Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Associated with Severe Ipsilateral Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis Ts. Koleva, E. Titianova, S. Karakaneva, L. Voynov
● The Influence of Gender on Cardiovascular Autonomic Function in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease S. Mantarova, K. Stambolieva, I. Velcheva
● Takayasu Arteritis with Bilateral Carotid Aneurysms and Stenoses – the Role of Non-Invasive Imaging Methods K. Genova, D. Lukanova, N. Nikolov
● Stroke in a Patient with Myxoma – Case Report M. Tsalta-Mladenov, V. Dimitrova, D. Georgieva-Hristova, S. Andonova, V. Kornovski
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Early Diagnosis of Carbohydrate Metabolism Disorders, Associated with Atherosclerosis T. Totomirova, M. Arnaudova, N. Grigorov
INFORMATIONS
● Fourth National Congress of the BSNCH
● 24rd Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics
● World Federation of Neurology Continuing Medical Education Programme
● Acad. Ekaterina Titianova with Prestigious Awards for her Anniversary
● Instructions for authors


Volume 14, 2018, Number 2

Contents
ОRIGINAL PAPERS

● Microembolic Signals Help Deciphering Cryptogenic Stroke A. Palmieri, F. M. Farina, C. Kulyk, F. R. Vodret, S. Favaretto, F. Viaro, C. Baracchini
● Longitudinal Study on Early Post-Stroke Cognitive Impairment M. Valkova, B. Stamenov, I. Veleva
CASE REPORTS
● Spontaneous Dissection of the Internal Carotid Artery – a Late Vascular Complication after Breast Cancer Radiation: a Case Report M. Sedlić, P. Č. Žuna, G. Sičaja, V. Govori, H. Budinčević, V. Demarin
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Transcranial Doppler in Management of Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis T. Arokszallasi, L. Olah
FOURTH NATIONAL CONGRESS
● of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation
● Programme 
● Abstracts 
● Poster Sessions
INFORMATIONS
● 23rd Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics
ANNIVERSARY
● Acad. Prof. Ekaterina Titianova
● Instructions for authors


Volume 14, 2018, Number 1

Contents
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Mirror Neurons – Methods of Investigation and Clinical Application M. Dimcheva, E. Titianova
● Rehabilitation of Cerebrovascular Complications after Heart Surgery I. Takeva
CROATIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● Arteriovenous Fistula of Thyroidea Ima Artery – Ultrasound Presentation of a Case Report M. Batinica, S. Morovic, Z. Kusic, V. Demarin
● Thyroid Gland Abnormality – Risk Factor for Bilateral Craniocervical Artery Dissection A. Lovrencic–Huzjan, M. Bosnar–Puretic, L. Dezmalj–Grbelja, M. Roje–Bedekovic, R. Palic–Kramaric
● Functional Carotid Ultrasound Markers of Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Vascular Healthy Women K. Buljan, M. Benšić, M. Vladetić, V. Buljan, S. Butković Soldo
SERBIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● Transcranial Brain Parenchyma Ultrasonography in Neurodegenerative and Psychiatric Diseases – an Update M. Mijajlovic, A. Pavlovic, N. Stojanovski, N. Veselinovic MD, J. Zidverc-Trajkovic
NEW BOOKS
● Textbook of Nervous Diseases General Neurology
● AWARDS 
INFORMATIONS
● Regional Teaching Course of the European Academy of Neurology
● Interdisciplinary Seminar on CME Programs of the World Federation of Neurology
● Instructions for authors


Volume 13, 2017, Number 2 (supplement)

Contents
● The Quality of Acute Stroke Unit. A Stroke Register
D. Staykov
● Tips How to Start Your Career as Junior Neurologist in Europe
M. Pereira
● Neuro-orbital and Temporal Artery Ultrasound Examination
F. Perren
● Guidelines on the Fibromyalgia Syndrome
N. Üçeyler
● Differential Diagnosis of Syncope and Seizure. Transient Loss of Consciousness
M. Hilz


Volume 13, 2017, Number 2

Contents
● Welcome Message
President of the BSNCH
● Greeting Address
Minister of Health of the Republic of Bulgaria
● Scientific Programme
● Lecturers of the EAN RTC
● Contemporary Approach to Stroke Prevention
V. Demarin, S. Morović
● Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Stroke
K. Niederkorn
● Thrombolytic versus Standard Therapy in Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Prospective Follow up
S. Andonova
● The Role of Arts in Enhancement of Stroke Recovery
V. Demarin
● Treatment of Intracerebral Hemorrhage – a Practical Approach
D. Staykov
● Brain Parenchyma Neurosonology
U. Walter
● Ultrasound of Peripheral Nerves
L. Padua, C. Loreti, D. Coraci, G. Piccinini
● Myosonology in Neuromuscular Disorders
E. Titianova
● Ultrasound Imaging of Neck Muscles for Botulinum Toxin Injection
U. Walter
● Burning Mouth Syndrome – Recent Concepts
M. Mijajlovic
● Home-based Neurorehabilitation in Diabetic Neuropathy
D. Lubenova
● 3rd Congress of the BSNCH | Poster Session 
● Instructions for authors


Volume 13, 2017, Number 1

Contents
CROATIAN NEUROSONOLOGY

● Intima-Media Thickness and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery H. Budinčević, M. Meter, P. Črnac, K. Kordić, L. Marjanović, E. Galić, V. Govori, V. Demarin
GEORGIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● Brain Focal Impairment and Hemodynamic Parameters in Patients with Unilateral High-Grade Internal Carotid Artery Changes F. Todua, D. Gachechiladze, M. Beraia
SERBIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● Management of the “HYPER” triad in Acute Ischemic Stroke: Hypertension, Hyperglycemia, Hyperthermia M. Mijajlovic,V. Aleksic, N. Sternic, N. Bornstein
● Principles of Three-Dimensional Bioprinting in Medicine Ts. Koleva, E. Titianova
NATIONAL CONSENSUS
● for Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke Edited by: I. Petrov, E. Titianova, S. Andonova, L. Grozdinski, N. Petrov, K. Guirov, A. Postadjan, L. Spassov
INFORMATIONS
● Second National Congress of Neurosonologu and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation E. Christova
IN MEMORIAM
● Prof. Ivan Kotzev Georgiev 
● Dr. Blagoy Kostadinov Titianov
SCIENTIFIC EVENTS
● Regional Teaching Course of the European Academy of Neurology
● Instructions for authors


Volume 12, 2016, Number 2

Contents
REVIEW ARTICLES

● High lntensity Focused Ultrasound in Neurology
Р. Karazapryanov, E. Titianova
CROATIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● Ultrasound Characteristics of Vertebral Arteries in Men and Women
S. Morovic, T. Skaric Juric, V. Demarin
GEORGIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● The Role of Duplex Sonography in Posterior Circulation Disorders
M. Alpaidze
SERBIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● Bilateral Superior Ophthalmic Vein Thrombosis: A Rare Entity
V. Aleksic, N. Aleksic, M. Spaic,
N. Zivkovic, A. Zivkovic, V. Libek,
A. Strugar, I. Blazic, S. Nedeljkovic,
N. Janeski, M. Matkovic,
V. Milacic, M. Stanic

NEW BOOKS
● Hemiparetic gait after stroke. Modern research and neurorehabilitation methods
● THANK YOU, DOCTOR! 
● SECOND NATIONAL CONGRESS of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with lnternational Participations
● Programme 
● Poster Sessions
● Abstracts
INFORMATIONS
● 21th Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics
Ts. Dimitrova
IN MEMORIAM
● Dr. Lilia Daskalova–Curzi 
● Prof. Nikola Karakanev
● Instructions for authorss


Volume 12, 2016, Number 1

Contents
REVIEW ARTICLES

● Mechanical Thrombectomy in the Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke S. Andonova
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Clinical and Neuroimaging Studies in Dysgenesis of Corpus Callosum
G. Adam, A. Korkova, E. Stoyanova, K. Genova, E. Titianova
CASE REPORTS
● Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome: Prospective Clinical and Neuroimaging Studies Tz. Dimitrova, T. Vladimirov, E. Titianova
SERBIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● Review of the Treatment Strategies for Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis M. Mirkovic, M. Mijajlovic
INFORMATIONS
● First National Congress with International Participation
● Scientific Practical Workshop “Diabetic Neuropathy”
● Nursing in Neurology
● Forecoming Events 
● Instructions for authors


Volume 11, 2015, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIAL

● 10 Years Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics
SERBIAN NEUROSONOLOGY
● Bulgarian-Serbian Cooperation in the Field of Neurosonology
● Correlation between Transcranial Contrast Ultrasound and Transesophageal Echocardiography in Detection of right-to-left Cardiac Shunts
M. Mijajlovic, Z. Markovic,
Т. Svabic-Medjedovic, А. Pavlovic,
Z. Jovanovic, J. Zidverc-Тrajkovic,
А. Radojicic, N. Veselinovic, N. Sternic

ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Heart Rate Variability in Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome Patients
Z. Stoynеva, I. Velcheva, Е. Titianova
NEW BOOKS
● Textbook on Nervous Diseases General Neurology
S. Аndonova
FIRST NATIONAL CONGRESS
● of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation
● Programme 
● Poster Sessions 
● Аbstracts
INFORMATIONS
● First Congress of the European Academy of Neurology
S. Аndonova
● Forecoming scientific events
IN MEMORIAM
● Valentin Yotov, MD
● Instructions for authors


Volume 11, 2015, Number 1

Contents
EDITORIAL

● The Year of the Brain
Е. Тitianova
● Stroke in Bulgaria: Recent Problems
Е. Тitianova, /. Velcheva,
S. Andonova

ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● NeuroOphthalmoSonology: Diagnostic Value and Clinical Application
Е. Тitianova, S. Cherninkova
● Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke (SITS) – Global Stroke Network
S. Andonova
HONORARY TITLES
● Academician of the Serbian Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences
● Academician of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and Arts
INFORMATIONS
● Regional Teaching Course of the European Academy of Neurology
● IX World Stroke Congress
● Second Regional Meeting of Neurosonology of the World Federation of Neurology
● XII Workshop in Neurophysiology and Neurosonology
NEW BOOKS
● Учебник по нервни болести. Обща неврология
FORECOMING EVENTS
● First National Congress of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation October 2–4, 2015 Sofia, Bulgaria
● Other scientific events
● Instructions for authors


Volume 10, 2014, Number 2

Contents
● WELCOME MESSAGE
Е. Тitianova
● Ten Years Journal
Е. Тitianova, /. Velcheva, Е. Christova
REGIONALTEACHING COURSE
of the European Academy of Neurology
● preceded by 9th Meeting of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics
● About EAN
● European Association of Young Neurologists and Trainees – EAYNT Future Perspectives for Young Neurologists in Europe
M. Moarcas
● SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMME
● How to Face the Burden of AF with Aging to Prevent Stroke and Vascular Dementia Е. Azevedo
● Stroke and Neuroplasticity
V. Demarin, 5. Morovic
● Classification and Early Diagnosis of Cognitive Impairments
L. Тraykov
● Functional Transcranial Doppler in Stroke Risk
Е. Azevedo
● Vascular Dementia – Is There a Way to Prevent It?
V. Demarin, 5. Morovic
● Advances in Neurorehabilitation After Stroke
5iebler
● Brain Imaging in Neurorehabilitation
/. Тarkka
● Combining Electrical Stimulation Mediated by Iterative Learning Control with Movement Practice using Real Objects and Simulated Tasks for Post-Stroke Upper Extremity Rehabilitation
A. Hughes, Е. Hallewell, M. Kutlu, C. Freeman, K. Meadmore
● Hemiparetic Gait in Stroke Neurorehabilitation
Е. Тitianova
● Ultrasound Study of lntracranial Stenoses: Pre- and Post- Endovascular Treatment
С. Baracchini
● Sonothrombolysis
М. Del Sette, L. Dinia
● Ultrasound Imaging of Brain Parenchyma, Temporal Arteries and Orbita
М. Мijajlovic
● Cerebral Vasomotor Reactivity in Clinical Settingsa /. Velcheva
ANNIVERSARY
● Prof. Emilia Christova, MD, PhD Instructions for authors


Volume 10, 2014, Number 1

Contents
EDITORIAL

● The Year of the Brain
Е. Тitianova
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Ultrasound lmaging of Chronic Blast Еye Trauma: A Case Report of Charles Bonnet Syndrome
5t. Nikolov, Е. Тitianova, P. Popov,
Cherninkova, 5. Кarakaneva, К. Genova
● Clinical, lntraoperative and Multimodal Ultrasound lmaging Study of Facial Melanoma
Е. Alexiev, К. Guirov, В. Guirova,
A. Mihova, Е. Тitianova
● lntravenous Thrombolysis in Acute lschemic Stroke – Five Years of Clinical Еxperience
5. Andonova, Е. Кalevska, Тz. Dimitrova, M. Petkova,
V. Argirova, Тz. Тzvetkov, D. Georgieva

● Decompressive Craniectomy in lschemic Stroke – a Case Report
S. Andonova, P. Kirilova,
E. Kalevska, M. Petkova,
Ts. Tsvetkov, M. Novakova, T. Georgiev

● Microvascular Disorders in Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome
Z. Stoyneva
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation after Cardiac Arrest -modern concepts and approaches
N. Ramshev
INFORMATIONS
● 16th World Neurosonology Meeting
● Ultrasound Technologies Challenges Before Young Doctors
● Scientific Meeting. Cell Receptors – Research Methods, lmmunobiological Characteristics and Medical lmportance Dedicated to Prof. Rita Levi-Montalcini
FORECOMING EVENTS
● Regional Teaching Course of the European Academy of Neurology October 2-5, 2014, Sofia, Bulgaria
● Other scientific events 
● Instructions for authors


Volume 9, 2013, Number 2

Contents
Hemodynamics
Abstracts

● NSRG Comprehensive Tutorial
● Lectures
● Oral Presentations
● Poster Sessions
● Brief Description
● Scientific Events 2014
● Author Index


Volume 9, 2013, Number 1

Contents
Hemodynamics

● Ultrasound and the Study of the so-called Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency in Multiple Sclerosis
J. M. Valdueza, F. Doepp, S. J. Schreiber
B. W. van Oosten, K. Schmierer, F. Paul, M. P. Wattjes

● Determinants Associated with Increased Risk of Cognitive Impairment in Acute Ischemic Stroke
M. Danovska, B. Stamenov, M. Alexandrova, M. Valkova
● Modification of Diet and Lifestyle in the Algorithm of Nursing Care in Acute Myocardial Infarction
D. Georguieva, L. Ivanova
IN MEMORIAM
● Ass. Prof. Ljudmila Zaprianova, MD, PhD
● Sotir Mironov, MD
● Instructions for authors


Volume 8, 2012, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIAL

● Trends in Neurosonology: Myosonolgy 2012
M. Siebler
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Myosonographic Assessment of Triceps Surae Muscle in Chronic Post-Stroke Hemiparesis E. Titianova, T. Chamova,
S. Karakaneva, R. Dimova
CASE REPORTS
● Cerebral Venous Thrombosis of Straight Sinus and Right Transverse Sinus – a Case Report
S. Andonova, Е. Кalevska, М. Petkova, V. Аrgirova, P. Кirilova, Zv. Zvetkov,
F. Kirov, М. Novakova, R. Georgiev
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Therapeutic Hypothermia in Medicine – Why and When?al
N. Ramshev, V. Eneva, S. Andonova, Z. Ramsheva, E. Titianova
● Therapeutic hypothermia in acute ischemic stroke
S. Andonova, P. Кirilova,
Zv. Dimitrova, N. Ramshev, V. Eneva, B. Stamenov, К. Ramshev, E. Titianova
WHO IS WHO
● Prof. Mario Siebler, MD
ANNIVERSARY
● Blagoy Titianov, MD
INFORMATIONS
● ХVІІ Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics S. Andonova
● VI National Congress of the Bulgarian Diabetes Association with International Participation
R. Dimova
● Seventh Meeting of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation
● XVI World Neurosonology Meeting of the World Federation of Neurology
● Forecoming Scientific Events 
● Instructions for authors


Volume 8, 2012, Number 1

Contents
FIRST ANNOUNCEMENT

● 16th World Neurosonology Meeting of the World Federation of Neurology
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Early Proximal Common Carotid Artery Dissection after Carotid Endarterectomy
E. Titianova, K. Girov, S. Karakaneva, I. Petrov, I. Losev
● Myosonographic Assessment of Triceps Surae Muscle in Metabolic Neuropathy Т. Chamova, Е. Titianova,
I. Tournev, R. Dimov
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation – Present and Futureal
P. Popov, R. Dimova,
S. Todorova, E. Titianova

● Evaluation of Patients with Syncope. Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients with Syncope in Bulgariaal
T. Katova, I. Simova
● Principles of Modern Neurorehabilitational
D. Lubenova, Е. Titianova
IN MEMORIUM
● Prof. Stoyan Baykushev 
● Prof. Haralan Haralanov 
● Prof. Kiril Milenkov
INFORMATIONS
● XVth Meeting of Neurosonology Reasearch Group of the World Federation of Neurologyal E. Titianova
● Forecoming Scientific Events
● Clinical Days of Neurology Integrated Approach for Prevention and Treatment of Cerebrovascular Diseases S. Karakaneva
● Instructions for authors


Volume 7, 2011, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIAL

● Thirty Years of Transcranial Doppler: What has changed?
R. Aaslid
● Myosonographic Assessment of m. Triceps Surae in a Patient with Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy
Т. Chamova, Е. Titianova,
I. Tournev, R. Dimova

ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Hemineglect, Hemianopsia and Signs of Gerstmann Syndrome in Brain Lobar Parenchymal Hemorrhage – a Case Report
V. Ignatova, L. Haralanov,
Ts. Stoyanova, V. Atanasova

● Postischemic Skin Miscorvascular Reactivity in Diabetes Mellitus
Z. Stoyneva, I. Daskalova
● Diabetic Neuropathy – Correlative Clinical and Electromyographic Study
R. Dimova, I. Daskalova,
S. Todorova, E. Titianova

● Health and Economic Aspects of Good Occupational Health Practice and in Highly Specialized Medical Activitiesal
N. Tzacheva, J. Pavlova, K. Lyubomirova, Elisavet–Hristina Filiplidu
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Ischemic Cerebral Stroke and Genetic Increased Platelet Aggregational
M. Ivanov, R. Komsa-Penkova, B. Stamenov
INFORMATIONS
● Fingolimod – the First Approved Oral Medication in Multiple Sclerosisal
R. Dimova, V. Chervenkov
● Sixth Meeting of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation
● Forecoming Scientific Events 
● Instructions for authors


Volume 7, 2011, Number 1

Contents
EDITORIAL

● Perspectives in Neurosonology
M. Kaps
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Free-floating Thrombus in the Internal Carotid Artery – Clinical, Diagnostic and Treatment Problems
М. Stanevа, G. Kirova, I. Staikov,
V. Chervenkoff, B. Minkova, М. Тоdorovа, A. Petrova

● Intima-Media Thickness of Carotid Arteries in Obstructive Sleep Apnea S. Andonova, D. Petkova
● 18F-FDG PET in Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment
N. Deleva, I. Dimitrov, B. Ivanov, A. Klisarova, P. Bochev
● Tilt-table Testing – Indications and Possible Complicationsal I. Simova, P. Tasovska, T. Katova
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Functional Neuroimaging Methods in the Assessment of Language Functions in Cognitive Neurology and Clinical Practiceal N. Deleva, I. Dimitrov
● Labour Force Survey in Europeal
N. Tzacheva, K. Lyubomirovaska
WHO IS WHO
● Univ.-Prof. Dr. med. Manfred Kaps
IN MEMORIUM
● Prof. Nikola Karakanev
● Prof. Venzeslav Bosnev
INFORMATIONS
● VIIth World Stroke Congressal D. Maslarov
● 11th Scientific-Practical Meeting of Neurologists in Southwestern Bulgaria on Prevalence, Significance and Behavior in Carotid Atherosclerosis
K. Kirilov
● International Symposium on Ultrasound Classification of Carotid Stenoses. First National Consensus on Ultrasound Diagnostics and Behavior in Extracranial Carotid Pathologya
E. Hristova
● National Consensus for Ultrasound Diagnostics and Behavior in Extracranial Carotid Pathology Edited by:
Е. Titianova, P. Stamenova, K. Girov, I. Petrov, I. Velcheva
● Instructions for authors


Volume 6, 2010, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIAL

● Five Years Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Myosonography and Clinical Genetic Studies in a Patient with Distal Myopathy
Е. Titianova, V. Guergueltcheva,
V. Mihaylova, Т. Chamova, I. Tournev

● Intraoperative Neurosonography in Patients with Spinal Cord Tumors T. Shamov, T. Eftimov, I. Todorov, A. Petkov
● Cerebral Blood Flow and Cardiac Function in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Correlative Clinical, Neurosonographic and Echocardiographic Studies
E. Titianova, I. Daskalova, S. Karakaneva, B. Pakerova, K. Filcheva, G. Partenov
● Capillaroscopy in Raynaud’s Phenomenonal Z. Stoyneva
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Bilateral Leasion in Basal Ganglia and Thalamus – Problems of Differential Diagnosisal
S. Andonova
● Poststroke Depression – Specificity, Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosisal M. Valkova, B. Stamenov, D. Peychinska
● Recent Aspects of Tardive Dyskinesiaal P. Popov, E. Titianova
WHO IS WHO
● László Csiba ANNIVERSARY
● Prof. Meglena Achkova, MD, PhD, DSc
INFORMATIONS
● XV Meeting of European Society of Neurososnology and Cerebral Hemodynamicsal S. Andonova
● XІX European Stroke Conferenceal S. Andonova
● Bulgarian Society of Endovascular Therapyal
● Forecoming Scientific Events
● Fifth Anniversary Meeting of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation
● Instructions for authors


Volume 6, 2010, Number 1

Contents
Editorial

● What is the Role of Ultrasound in Evaluating Patients with Neurovascular Symptoms? G.-M. von Reutern
● Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke with Thrombolysis in Bulgaria
E. Titianova, I. Velcheva, B. Stamenov
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Thrombolytic Therapy in Acute Ischemic Cerebral Stroke – a Pilot Study
S. Andonova, F. Kirov, D. Мinchev,
Ch. Bachvarov, V. Georgieva, D. Bocheva

● Supraselective Fibrinolysis and Interventional Treatment of Acute Stroke – a Pilot Study
I. Petrov, I. Staikov, M. Marzyanov, H. Dimtrov, М. Кonteva
● Recanalization and Stenting of Preocclusive Stenoses and Thromboses of Carotid Arteries I. Petrov, Hr. Dimitrov, I. Staikov,
М. Staneva, М. Konteva, Е. Dimitrov
● Recurrent Ischemic Stroke in Patient with Elevated Level of Plasma Homocysteine, Associated with Genetic Variant C677T in the Methylentetrahydrofolate Reductase Gene
M. Ivanov, B. Stamenov, R. Komsa-Penkova
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Modern Aspects of Thrombolytic Therapy in Acute Ischemic Strokeal
M. Klissurski, E. Titianova
● Scales for Prognostic Estimation of Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacksal
D. Maslarov, D. Drenska
● Poststroke Depression – Frequency, Hypothesis, Criteria and Risk Factors M. Valkova, B. Stamenov,
D. Peychinska, M. Iotov
WHO IS WHO
● Prof. G.-M. von Reutern, M.D.
● Prof. Teresa Corona Vazquez, MD
INFORMATIONS
● 19th World Congress of Neurologyal I. Staikov, I. Raychev
● Neurosonology Teaching Course and Examal S. Andonova
● Ultrasound Diagnostics in Neurology Teaching Postgraduated Course
S. Andonova
● Neurosonology Research Group of the World Federation of Neurology
● Multidisciplinary symposium: Carotid stenting – results and prospects I. Petrov, I. Andreev
SCIENCE AND ART
● BAYKUSHA Scientist and artist at the same time
● Forecoming Scientific Events 
● Instructions for authors


Volume 5, 2009, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIA
L
● Ultrasound Diagnostics of Intracranial Venous Circulation M. Klisurski, Е. Titianova
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Common Carotid Artery Hemodynamic Changes in Patients with Cerebral Infarction
I. Velcheva, N. Antonova,
P. Damianov, N. Dim. Dimitrov

● Bilateral thrombosis of the carotid arteries – clinical, neurosonological, neurophysiological and neuroimaging examinations
Е. Тitianova, N. Dim. Dimitrov,
S. Karakaneva, К. Girov, R. Petkov,
S. Cherninkova, Z. Ramsheva, P. Popov

● Ultrasound B-mode scanning before lumbar puncture
M. Klisurski
● Influence of Plasma Absorption on Repetitive Nerve Stimulation in a Patient with Familial Myasthenia Gravisal
R. Dimova, R. Penkov, K. Ramshev,
Z. Ramsheva, S. Todorova, E. Titianova

REVIEW ARTICLES
● Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in Epilepsyal G. Gozmanov
● Paraneoplastic Neuropathyal Р. Димова, Е. Титянова
ANNIVERSARY
● Prof. Emilia Hristova, MD, PhD
IN MEMORIUM
● Prof. Dr. med. Albrecht Struppler INFORMATIONS
● 14 Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonolgy and Cerebral Hemodynamicsal P. Damianov
● Clinical Days of Neurology Modern approaches for treatment of acute ischemic strokeal
P. Paralcheva
● Forecoming Scientific Events
● Fourth Meeting of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation
● Instructions for authors


Volume 5, 2009, Number 1

Contents
Editorial

● Use of Contrast Agents in Sonographic Diagnostics of Cerebrovascular Disease Eva Bartels
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Four-dimensional (4D) Ultrasound Imaging of Optic Nerves and Optic Discs
E. Titianova, S. Cherninkova, S. Karakaneva
● Correlative Neurosonographic and Neuroimaging Studies in Arterial Hypertension and Asymptomatic Ischaemic Disturbances of the Cerebral Circulation
S. Andonova, D. Mintchev, M. Novakova, R. Georgiev
● Change in Cerebral Haemodynamics in Patients with Cerebral Infarction tо Аcoustic Stimulation
O. Kolev, P. Damianov, I. Velcheva, I. Asenov, K. Stambolieva, K. Bötzel
● Laser Doppler Flowmetry Evaluation of Vasomotor Reactivity in Distal Autonomic Neuropathyal
Z. Stoyneva
● Evaluation of the Computed-Рerimetric Finding in Patients with Vascular Lesions of the Retrochiasmal Visual Pathwaysal А. Oscar
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Post-stroke Depressional I. Velcheva
● Age Related White Matter Changes and Risk of Cerebrovascular Diseaseal S. Andonova, D. Minchev
WHO IS WHO
● Prof. Eva Bartels, MD, PhD
● Prof. Venzeslav Bosnev, MD, PhD, DSc
ANNIVERSARY
● Prof. Stoyan Baykushev, MD, PhD, DScM 
● Assoc. Prof. Georgi Gozmanov, MD, PhD
● Forecoming Scientific Events
INFORMATIONS
● Vertigo Akademy – Workshopal I. Staikov
● Practical Seminar “Ultrasound Diagnostics in Neurology”al I. Petrov
● Instructions for authors


Volume 4, 2008, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIAL

● How Do the Brain Neurons Work – Localy or Globaly?
L. Mavlov
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Ultrasound Pattern of the Brain Death
E. Titianova, S. Karakaneva, N. Petrov,
Z. Kirvikov, A. Petkov, L. Petrov, R. Dimova

● Diagnostic Value of Transcranial Colour-Coded Duplex Sonography in Cerebral Aneurysms – Comparative Investigationswith Digital Subtraction Angiography
М. Klisurski, Е. Vassileva,
Е. Titianova, S. Karakaneva,
P. Stoyanov, D. Stoyanova, G. Nedelkov

● Efficacy of Carotid Endarterectomy for Treatment of Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis M. Stankev, L. Grozdinski
● Neurosonographic and Neuroimaging Studies in Asymptomatic Ischaemic Disturbances of the Cerebral Circulation – a Pilot Study
S. Andonova, D. Minchev, M. Novakova, R. Georgiev
● Premotor Cortex Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Motor Thresholds in Focal Secondary Generalized Epilepsyal
G. Gozmanov
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Ultrasound Investigation of Muscles Anatomy and Methods of Investigation – Part I J. Petrova
● Drug and Surgical Therapy of the Carotid Atherosclerosis L. Grozdinski, M. Stankev
● Functional Imaging Methods for Early Diagnostics of the Vascular Disorders
M. Lessev
WHO IS WHO
● Prof. Ludmil Mavlov, MD, PhD, DSc
IN MEMORIUM
● Notable Bulgarian Scientists
Prof. Borislav Ivanov Yordanov
INFORMATIONS
● Ultrasound Studies in Migraine
S. Kastrev
● 13 Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics Е. Vassileva
● Forecoming Scientific Events
NEW BOOKS
● ATLAS of Neurosonology
I. Velcheva
● Algorithm for Ultrasound Diagnostics and Therapeutic Strategy in Carotid Pathology
● Third Meeting of the Bulgarian Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation. Programme
● Instructions for Authors


Volume 4, 2008, Number 1

Contents
EDITORIAL

● The Role of Transcranial Doppler in Brain Death Confirmation
Vida Demarin, Arijana Lovrencic-Huzjan
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Evaluation of the Possibilities of Ultrasound Diagnostics in Carotid Stenosеs and Carotid Endarterectomy
L. Grozdinski, M. Stankev
● Ultrasound B-flow Imaging of Spontaneous Internal Carotid Artery Dissection
Е. Titianova, К. Ramshev, S. Karakaneva,
I. Petrov, А. Ivanov

● Dissection of Aorta and Both Carotid Arteries in a Patient with Transient Ischemic Attack and Marfan-Like Habitusal
E. Vavrek, M. Klissurski, E. Vassileva, E. Kinova, D. Markov, A. Gudev, M. Milanova, P. Stamenova
● Effect of Sound Stimulus on Cerebral Blood Flow in the Middle Cerebral Artery in Healthy Subjects and Patients With Transient Ischemic Attacksal
O. Kolev, P. Damyanov, I. Velcheva, I. Asenov,
Н. Дос. Димитров, Н. Дим. Димитров, K. Stambolieva, K. Bötzel
● Polineuropathy in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure (II Stage): Incidence, Clinical Profile and Neurophysiological Characteristics
M. Daskalov, B. Delijska, S. Novachkova, B. Ishpekova, I. Kaludina, A. Alexandrov
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Thalamic Pain Therapy
K. Baykoushev, Т. Koleva, N. Stonova
STUDENT’S PAGES
● Role of Nitric Oxide in the Pathogenesis of Acute Ischemic Stroke
G. Maximov
WHO IS WHO
● Prof. Vida Demarin, MD, PhD
● Prof. Haralan Iliev Haralanov, MD, PhD
INFORMATIONS
● Clopidogrel – Comparative Analysis Between the Origial Brand and Copies
R. Dimova, S. Todorova
● 23th Congress of the European Committee for Treatment and Investigation of Multiple Sclerosis (ECTRIMS) Sonya Ivanova
● Forecoming Scientific Events 
● Instructions for Authors


Volume 3, 2007, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIAL
● Antithrombotic Drug Therapy in Patients with Carotid Artery Stenosis
J. Sivenius
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Homocystein and the Risk of Cerebrovascular Disease
D. Kolev, E. Enisheinova, Z. Ramsheva, E. Titianova
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Neurosonographic and Elecktroencephalographic Changes in Hypergravitational Stress
R. Z. Zlatev, E. Titianova
● Carotid Pathology and Risk Factors for Cerebrovascular Disease – Correlative Clinical, Neurosonographic and Echocardiographic Studies
E. Titianova, I. Velcheva, S. Karakaneva,
Dim. N. Dimitrov, K. Hristova, P. Damianov, R. Dimova, P. Popov, K. Ramshev
● Hemorheological Disturbances and Risk Factors for Cerebrovascular Disease: Comparative Studiesal
I. Velcheva, N. Antonova, E. Titianova,
N. Dim. Dimitrov, N. Dos. Dimitrov,
V. Dimitrova, P. Damianov
● Premotor and Motor Brain Cortex Responses to Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Hemiparetic Patients Assessed by Motor Thresholdal
St. Baykushev, А. Struppler, G. Usunov, G. Gozmanov
● Хирургично и ендоваскуларно лечение на гръбначно-мозъчни артериовенозни малформации – представяне на три случая с дорзални интрадурални…
Ал. Петков, Т. Ефтимов,
Т. Шамов, М. Лилов, Ю. Йотова
WHO IS WHO
● Prof.Günther E. Klein, M.D. IN MEMORIUM
● Notable Bulgarian Scientists
INFORMATIONS
● Guidelines for Prevention of Stroke in Patients with Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack
D. Dimova
● 12 Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics Е. Титянова
● Clinical Neurological Days
G. Nikolova
● Forecoming Scientific Events
● Second Meeting of the Bulgarian Association of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation. Programme
● Instructions for authors


Volume 3, 2007, Number 1

Contents
EDITORIAL

● Neuroprotection in Cerebral Ishemia – Current Concepts and Perspectives D. Hadjiev
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Mathematical Modeling of the Cerebral Circulation System in Relation to Transcranial Doppler Sonography
K. Baykoushev
● Treatment of West Syndromewith ACTH
A. Naydenov, G. Popova, D. Dundova, A. Krasteva, Kr. Stancheva, J. Petkov
● Focal Abnormality in Interictal EEG in Children with West Syndrome
A. Naydenov, G. Popova, D. Dundova, A. Krasteva, Kr. Stancheva, J. Petkov
● Aging as a Risk Factor for Cerebrovascular Diseaseal I. Velcheva, E. Titianova,
P. Damianov, N. Dim. Dimitrov, N. Antonova, V. Dimitrova
● Effect of Kinesetherapy on Sensory Disturbances in Patients with Diabetic Polyneyropathyal
D. Lubenova, V. Chernev, E. Titianova
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Reorganization of Motor Control after Unilateral Strokeal
E. Titianova
WHO IS WHO
● Prof. Rune Aaslid, PhD
● Prof. Dimitar Hadjiev, MD, PhD, DSc
ANNIVERSARY
● Prof. Ivan Georgiev, MD, PhD, DSc 
● Blagoy Titianov, MD
● Forecoming Scientific Events 
● Instructions for authors


Volume 2, 2006, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIAL

● Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography combined with the vasodilatory tests N. M. Borstein, A. Y. Gur
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Sonothrombolysis
M. Klissurski
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Venous Sinuses Damage and Thrombosis after Craniocerebral Gunshot Injuries A. Petkov, Z. Zlatev,
I. Stoev, N. Petrov, L. Voynov
● Assessment of Skin Vasomotor Reactivity in Vibration Disease by Laser Doppler Flowmetry
Z. Stoyneva
● Cardiovascular Autonomic Dysfunctions in Diabetic Polyneuropathy
N. Dimitrov, P. Damianov, I. Velcheva
● Effect of Kinesitherapy on Quality of Life in Patients with Diabetic Polyneuropathyal D. Lubenova, E. Titianova
WHO IS WHO
● Prof. Natan M. Bornstein, MD, PhD 
● Prof. Stoyan Baykushev, MD, PhD, DSc
IN MEMORIUM
● Notable Bulgarian Scientists Acad. Chudomir Nachev
INFORMATIONS
● Clinical aplication of Plavix in neurological practice – results from CAPRIE study S. Kastrev
● Eleventh Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics E. Titianova
● First Meeting of the Bulgarian Association of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics with International Participation. Programme
● Instructions for authors


Volume 2, 2006, Number 1

Contents
EDITORIAL

● Neurorehabilitation today attempts to enhance recovery via plastic reorganization in the adult brain
Ina M. Tarkka
REVIEW ARTICLES
● 
Genetic Risk Factors for Carotid Atherosclerosis N. Dim. Dimitrov, I. Velcheva
● 
Neuro-ophthalmological Symptomatology in Patients with Vascular Lesions of the Visual Sensory Pathways
A. Oscar, S. Cherninkova
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● 
Fokal Epilepsy with Frequent Seizures Treated by Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
G. Gozmanov, S. Baykushev, D. Zlatareva
● Orthostatic Microcirculatory Responces in Acral Dysautonomy Raynaud’s Type
Z. Stoineva
● Comparative Clinical, Neurosonographic and Neuroimaging Investigations in Young Patient with Thrombosis of Middle Cerebral Arteryal
K. Prinova, S. Karakaneva, A. Ivanov, E. Titianova
NEW BOOKS
E. Titianova. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Neurology I. Velcheva
WHO IS WHO
● 
Prof. Nikola Karakanev 
● 
Prof. Ina M. Tarkka
IN MEMORIUM
Notable Bulgarian Scientists Prof. Angel Yordanov Pentschew
INFORMATIONS
● 
XVIII World Congres of Neurology
J. Yotova
● Clinical Neurological Days, Russe
E. Vacheva
● Sientific Programme for Analification in Diagnosis of Avtonomic Nervons System
● Instructions for authors



Volume 1, 2005, Number 2

Contents
EDITORIAL

● The Present Status of Diagnosis and Treatment of Carotid Artery Stenosis
I. Brcic, K. Niederkorn
REVIEW ARTICLES
● Epileptic Seizures and Epilepsy after Stroke P. Popov, E. Titianova
● 
Ophthalmologic Symptomatology in Carotid Occlusive Disease
S. Cherninkova
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
● Cerebrovascular Risk Factors and Brain Microembolism in Patients with Carotid Obstructions 
Е. Vassileva
● Neurosonographic Examination of the Proximal Vertebral Artery Stenoses – a Preliminary Studyal
M. Klisurski, E. Vassileva
● Orthostatic Reactivity in Patients with Diabetic Polyneuropathy – Evaluation of the Effect of a Specialized Physical Therapy Programme 
D. Lubenova, J. Yotova,
I. Maznev, E. Titianova

● Effects of Plasma Lipids on Blood Viscosity in Patients with Cerebrovascular Diseases
I. Velcheva, N. Antonova, V. Dimitrova, N. D. Dimitrov, I. Ivanov
● Internal Hydrocephalus in Children – Contemporary Opportunities for Surgical Treatment in Accordance with the Etiopathogenesis of the Disease 
Chr. Tzekov, E. Naydenov, S. Cherninkova, A. Bussarsky, L. Nuchev
WHO IS WHO
● Prof. Mak Vantov
● 
Prof. E. Bernd Ringelstein
INFORMATIONS

● IX National Congress of Neurology with International Participation
M. Daskalov, E. Vassileva
● Neurological Clinical Days, Bansko
J. Yotova
● Instructions for authors


 Volume 1, 2005, Number 1

Contents
Editorial
REVIEW ARTICLES
Clinical application of the colour-coded transcranial duplex-scan in neurology E. Titianova
Neurosonographic evaluation of cerebral autoregulation
I. Velcheva
ОRIGINAL PAPERS
Ultrasound diagnosis of neuroinfections in newborns
R. Georgieva, E. Christova
Laser doppler evaluation of the distal diabetic disautonomy
Zl. Stoyneva
Aneurysms of the vain of Galen – problems in the diagnosis and treatment
Chr. Tzekov, E. Naydenov,
P. Genov, R. Petkov
NEW BOOKS
L. Ivanova,Ch. Nachev. Neurokardiology
И. Велчева
WHO IS WHO
Prof. Ivan Georgiev
Prof. Kurt Niederkorn
INFORMATIONS

Tenth Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics
E. Titianova
Second Anual Meting of Nurologists from the Region of Shumen I. Petrov
Instructions to authors
Предстоящи научни форуми